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Crypto Currency

Crypto Currency

Crypto Currency !

A cryptocurrency (or crypto currency) is a digital asset designed to work as a medium of exchange using cryptography to secure the transactions and to control the creation of additional units of the currency. Cryptocurrencies are a subset of alternative currencies, or specifically of digital currencies.

A cryptocurrency (or crypto currency) is a digital asset designed to work as a medium of exchange using cryptography to secure the transactions and to control the creation of additional units of the currency. Cryptocurrencies are a subset of alternative currencies, or specifically of digital currencies.

Put another way, cryptocurrency is electricity converted into lines of code with monetary value. In the simplest of forms, cryptocurrency is digital currency.

Unlike centralized banking, like the Federal Reserve System, where governments control the value of a currency like USD through the process of printing fiat money, government has no control over cryptocurrencies as they are fully decentralized.


Crypto Market

Most cryptocurrencies are designed to decrease in production over time like Bitcoin, which creates a market cap on them. That’s different from fiat currencies where financial institutions can always create more, hence inflation. Bitcoin will never have more than 21 million coins in circulation. While hundreds of different cryptocurrency specifications exist, most are derived from one of two protocols; All cryptocurrencies are maintained by a community of cryptocurrency miners who are members of the general public that have set up their computers or ASIC machines to participate in the validation and processing of transactions.


History

The technical system on which all cryptocurrencies are based on was created by Satoshi Nakamoto.

Bitcoin uses SHA-256, which is a set of cryptographic hash functions designed by the U.S National Security Agency. Bitcoin is a cryptocurrency that is based on the proof-of-work system.

In April 2011, Namecoin, the first altcoin, was created to form a decentralized DNS to make internet censorship more difficult. In October 2011, Litecoin was released and became the first successful cryptocurrency to use scrypt as its hash function rather than SHA-256. This gave the general public the ability to mine for litecoins without the purchase of specific hardware such as the ASIC machines used to mine Bitcoin.

Litecoin began receiving media attention in late 2013 – reaching a market cap of $1 billion. Ripplecoin, created in 2011, was built on the same protocol as Bitcoin but services as a payment system – think of it like a Paypal for cryptocurrencies that supports any fiat currency, cryptocurrency, commodity or even frequent flier miles.

Bitcoin

BITCOIN

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Bitcoin is - simply put, a digital currency. This digital money is not controlled by any central authority. The Bitcoin network is completely decentralized, the currency itself is produced by a community, to which anyone can freely join. Bitcoin can be transferred almost freely and instantly in contrast to a bank transfer, where one must pay a significant amount of money and the completion might take days.

Bitcoin is not like the money we know, it is produced and held digitally. It is created by a network of computers that use a certain software, solving mathematical problems. There will be only a finite number of Bitcoins that can ever be mined, so inflation is not a problem of this currency.

An online payment with Bitcoin is fast, secure and as anonymous as you want it to be, and the number of goods and services for which you can pay with digital currencies is constantly growing as well.

Bitcoin Mining

Bitcoin is created by the act of mining. The members of the network provide their computational power for calculations of mathematical problems, and for this effort they are rewarded with bitcoins. However, the more members are mining, the more competitive is gets. Computers are really good at solving these mathematical problems, so the Bitcoin Network purposely makes the solution more and more difficult, otherwise all of the bitcoins would be mined in a couple of minutes. This is why there are already many highly specialized hardware on the market, their only purpose being exclusively Bitcoin mining.

As new models come out quite frequently, everyone must regularly optimize their mining gear, in order to stay competitive. Once a new mining rig is introduced to the market, the old ones quickly become outdated and therefore unprofitable. At the same time this gradual development of the technology increases the overall difficulty of mining again. The result is a never ending circle of the constant need to optimize. This explains why it's a must to start with the best available hardware and to start immediately in order to mine profitable for as long as possible as well as not to lose a minute of precious mining time.

Litecoin

LITECOIN

Lite Coin !

Litecoin is a peer-to-peer Internet currency that enables instant, near-zero cost payments to anyone in the world. Litecoin is an open source, global payment network that is fully decentralized without any central authorities. Mathematics secures the network and empowers individuals to control their own finances. Litecoin features faster transaction confirmation times and improved storage efficiency than the leading math-based currency. With substantial industry support, trade volume and liquidity, Litecoin is a proven medium of commerce complementary to Bitcoin.

After Bitcoin and Ripple, Litecoin is the third-largest cryptocurrency by market capitalization.

A peer-to-peer network similar to Bitcoin's handles Litecoin's transactions, balances and issuance through scrypt, the proof-of-work scheme (Litecoins are issued when a small enough hash value is found, at which point a block is created, the process of finding these hashes and creating blocks is called mining). The issuing rate forms a geometric series, and the rate halves every 840,000 blocks, roughly every four years, reaching a final total of 84 million LTC.

The Litecoin blockchain is capable of handling higher transaction volume than its counterpart - Bitcoin. Due to more frequent block generation, the network supports more transactions without a need to modify the software in the future.

As a result, merchants get faster confirmation times, while still having ability to wait for more confirmations when selling bigger ticket items.

Dogecoin

DOGECOIN

Dogecoin !

Dogecoin (/ˈdoʊʒkɔɪn/ DOHZH-koyn, code: DOGE, symbol: Ð and D) is a cryptocurrency featuring a likeness of the Shiba Inu dog from the "Doge" Internet meme as its logo

Compared with other cryptocurrencies, Dogecoin has a fast initial coin production schedule: 100 billion coins have been in circulation by mid 2015 with an additional 5.256 billion coins every year thereafter. As of 30 June 2015, the 100 billionth Dogecoin has been mined. While there are few mainstream commercial applications, the currency has gained traction as an Internet tipping system, in which social media users grant Dogecoin tips to other users for providing interesting or noteworthy content. Many members of the Dogecoin community, as well as members of other cryptocurrency

communities, use the phrase "To the moon!" to describe the overall sentiment of the coin's rising value.